Sabarmati Ashram or Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Ashram, or Satyagraha Ashram is located in the Sabarmati suburb of Ahmedabad , Gujarat, adjoining the Ashram Road, on the banks of the River Sabarmati, four miles from the town hall. This is the place where Mahatma Gandhi lived here for 12 years with her wife Kasturba Gandhi. From here the Mahatma Gandhi started salt Satyagraha or Dandi march on 12 march 1930. The ashram was declares as a National Monument due to impact of this march on Indian national movement.
The Sabarmati Ashram (also known as Harijan Ashram) was home to Mohandas Gandhi from 1917 until 1930 .It was served as one of the main centres of the Indian freedom struggle. The Ashram became home to the ideology that set India free. Sabarmati Ashram named for the river on which it sits, was created with a dual mission.
1)To serve as an institution that would carry on a search for truth
2) A platform to bring together a group of workers committed to non-violence who would help secure freedom for India.
Gandhi formed a school that focused on manual labour, agriculture, and literacy to advance his efforts for self-sufficiency. He had by now already decided on 22 July 1933 to disband the Ashram, which later became asserted place after the detention of many freedom fighters, and then some local citizens decided to preserve it. On 12 March 1930 he vowed that he would not return to the Ashram until India won independence. Although this was won on 15 August 1947, when India was declared a free nation, Gandhi was assassinated in January 1948 and never returned.
Over the years, the Ashram became home to the ideology that set India free. Today, the Ashram serves as a source of inspiration and guidance, and stands as a monument to Gandhi’s life mission and a testimony to others who have fought a similar struggle.
Today ashram has a museum , the Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya. The museum was built by architect Charles Correa in 1963. After the well-designing and well furnishing, Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India on 10 May 1963 inaugurated it.
Other buildings and sites within the ashram are:
Nandini: It is situated on the right hand side of Hridaya Kunj. Situated on right hand side of Hridaya Kunj is guest house where outsiders are accommodated.
Magan Niwas: This is the home of the ashram manager, Maganlal Gandhi. Maganlal was the Cousin of the Gandhi.
Vinoba Kutir: This cottage is named after Acharya Vinoba Bhave who stayed here. Mirabehn known as Acharya Vinoba Bhave is the place where Mirabehn ,daughter of British rear-Admiral was following Gandhi’s ideas. Now it is known as Mira Kutir.
Upasana Mandir: This is the prayer ground where Gandhi use to solve the queries after prayer situated between Hridaya Kunj and Magan Nivas.
- “My life is my message” gallery, consisting of 8 life-size paintings and more than 250 photo-enlargements of some of the most vivid and historic events of Gandhi’s life
- Gandhi in Ahmedabad Gallery, tracking Gandhi’s life in Ahmedabad from 1915–1930
- Life-size oil painting gallery
- Exhibition showing quotations, letters and other relics of Gandhi
- Library consisting of nearly 35,000 books dealing with Gandhi’s life, work, teachings, Indian freedom movement and allied subjects, and a Reading Room with more than 80 periodicals in English, Gujaratiand Hindi
- Archives consisting of nearly 34,117 letters to and from Gandhi both in original and in photocopies, about 8,781 pages of manuscripts of Gandhi’s articles appearing in Harijan, Harijansevak, and Harijanbandhuand about 6,000 photographs of Gandhi and his associates
- An important landmark of the ashram is Gandhi’s cottage ‘Hridaya Kunj’, where some of the personal relics of Gandhi are displayed
- Ashram book store, non-profit making, which sells literature and memorabilia related to Gandhi and his life’s work, which in turn supports local artisans.